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Gum Disease
Davis CA

Gum disease is sneaky. When it starts, it is barely noticeable. It occurs when a buildup of plaque and bacteria irritate your sensitive gum tissue. This irritation triggers an inflammatory response, which causes the gums to begin to swell. This early stage of gum disease often causes bleeding when you brush or floss. Most patients miss or ignore, these early warning signs. As a result, gum disease continues to worsen. At Davis Dental Practice, we can diagnose gum disease and help you to get the treatment you need to restore your periodontal, and overall mouth, health.

What Happens When Gum Disease Goes Untreated?

If the earliest stage of gum disease is left untreated, the condition only continues to grow worse. Your gums, which naturally sit snugly against your teeth, providing an effective seal against bacterial invasion, swell and begin to pull away. When this happens, the seal is broken, and pockets form. Bacteria and other debris begin to collect in these pockets. The bacteria continue to attack your gums, causing them to pull further away from the teeth and creating deeper and deeper pockets. They also begin to attack your periodontal ligaments and your jawbone, causing these structures to weaken. Eventually, your gums begin to recede and your teeth become loose. You may even be faced with tooth loss.

Causes of Gum Disease

One of the most common causes of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing are essential for removing buildup from the surfaces of your teeth. When you ignore your oral hygiene routine, plaque and bacteria collect on the surfaces of your teeth. Plaque eventually hardens into tartar, which cannot be removed with any amount of brushing or flossing. Other causes of gum disease include:
•  Misaligned teeth. When your teeth are misaligned, they are harder to keep clean.
•  Tobacco use and excessive drinking. Cigarettes and other tobacco products restrict blood flow, slowing the delivery of essential nutrients to your gums. Drinking can lead to dry mouth, which creates an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
•  Certain types of medications, which can cause dry mouth.
•  Hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause.
•  Nutritional deficiencies.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

The symptoms that you experience depend upon the severity of your gum disease. The earliest stage often called gingivitis, is characterized by red, swollen, gums that bleed when you brush and floss. Other symptoms of gum disease include:
•  Gum recession.
•  Small gaps between your teeth.
•  Tooth sensitivity, which results from root exposure.
•  Chronic bad breath.
•  Loose teeth.
•  Alignment issues. When your teeth become loose, they can shift around in your jaw, causing misalignment.
•  Tooth loss.

How is Gum Disease Treated?

The exact treatment you are given depends on how severe your gum disease is.
•  Scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning of your teeth that is used to remove all buildup from the surfaces of your teeth both above and below the gum line.
•  Periodontal maintenance. This is a series of regularly scheduled cleanings and exams of your teeth to ensure that they are beginning to heal. This treatment is typically done following another treatment, commonly scaling and root planing.
•  Gum flap surgery.
•  Pocket reduction surgery.
•  Soft tissue grafts, which restore a natural, healthy gum line.
•  Bone grafting, which is done to restore bone mass, typically before dental implants.

Getting treatment for gum disease as soon as possible is essential for stopping its progression and allowing your mouth to heal. Call Davis Dental Practice to schedule your appointment today at (530) 756-5300.
Davis Dental Practice | | (530) 756-5300
2800 5th Street, Suite 100 , Davis, CA 95618